Small business growth aspirations at pre-pandemic level, new report finds

Press Releases 24 Jan 2022

FSB's Q4 Small Business Index finds over half of small businesses expect to grow in 2022, but they fear being held back by increasing costs and staff shortages

  • More than half of small firms intend to grow this year, but skills shortages and costs weigh on intentions, according to latest Small Business Index (SBI)
  • Credit applications and approvals hit seven-year low amid fears lenders will replicate approach to last recession    
  • Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) urges government to implement pro-business policies to cement recovery

Most small firms plan to grow over the coming 12 months but are being held back by struggles to recruit, increasing costs and a lack of access to finance, according to the latest full SBI report, published today.

The study of more than 1,200 UK small businesses finds that half (54%) expect to grow over the next year. The figure is up four percentage points on Q4 2019 when the Covid pandemic had yet to impact commercial activity.     

Close to one in six (16%) increased headcounts in the three months to December, the highest proportion since Q2 2015. A similar share (17%) expects to increase headcounts this quarter – the figure is up seven percentage points on Q4 2020.

With the labour market tightening, six in ten (61%) say they are increasing wages – the highest share since Q4 2019 – and a third (33%) say a lack of appropriately skilled staff represents a substantial barrier to growth. The latter figure is up 10 percentage points on Q4 2020. One in five (22%) cite labour costs as a top barrier to expansion, up nine percentage points over the same period.    

More widely, the share stating that operating costs are rising (78%) has hit a seven-year high. Four in ten (40%) report that gross profits were down over the final three months of the year as inflation erodes margins.   

Elsewhere, one in ten (11%) of those surveyed flag access to finance as a barrier to growth, and 4% state that the cost of finance is holding them back. Fewer than one in ten (9%) say they applied for finance last quarter – the lowest proportion in seven years. The minority (45%) had their application approved, a figure which is also at a seven-year low. The majority (52%) were offered a borrowing rate of 4% or more. One in ten (13%) were offered a rate of 11% or greater.   

The SBI measure of UK small business confidence fell to -8.5 in Q4 2021, a 12-month low.  

FSB National Chairman Mike Cherry said: “After two years of turmoil, in which firms have once again shown their adaptability and resilience, the small business community stands ready to spur our economic recovery. The majority intend to grow over the coming 12 months, and many are looking to increase headcounts.   

“Their optimism is, however, hampered by spiralling inflation, labour shortages and looming tax grabs. Come April, they’ll be faced with a jobs tax hike, an increase in dividend taxation and fresh business rates bills.  

“We urgently need the Government to start looking closely at the policies that will empower the small business community to spur our recovery from this recession as it did the last. The growth intentions are there, but we need the right support to turn vision into reality.   

“The bounce back loan initiative was a real success, but it can’t be thought of as job done. New enterprises are launched everyday across the UK, never more so than at times like this when the economy is changing apace. Our start-ups need funding to go on and be the employers and innovators of tomorrow.

“After the financial crash we saw banks pull-up the drawbridge for small businesses. With emergency loan initiatives and the New Enterprise Allowance at an end, it’s vital that this trend doesn’t take hold once again.”  


Notes to Editors
1) FSB surveyed 1,271 small businesses for the Q4 SBI over December 2021. Statistics are based on a weighted analysis of survey results. Weighting is applied to ensure figures are representative of the UK’s business population.
2) The SBI survey covers a range of economic indicators including: small business confidence, employment and wages, exports, productivity, spare capacity, finance and investment. The SBI is conducted by independent research company Verve. The headline SBI confidence figures are based on a weighted index, with the share of firms reporting ‘much improved’ or ‘much worse’ confidence allocated double weighting.

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About FSB

As the UK’s largest business support group, FSB is the voice of the UK’s small businesses and the self-employed. Established over 40 years ago to help its members succeed in business, FSB is a non-profit making and non-party political organisation that’s led by its members, for its members. As the UK’s leading business campaigner, FSB is focused on delivering change which supports smaller businesses to grow and succeed.

FSB offers members a wide range of vital business services, including access to finance, business banking, legal advice and support along with a powerful voice in Government. Each year FSB also runs the UK’s Celebrating Small Business Awards. More information is available at You can follow us on twitter @fsb_policy and on Instagram @fsb_uk.