Scottish firms regain confidence but “tale of two economies” revealed in new FSB research

Press Releases 27 Jul 2020

FSB publishes business confidence index Q2 2020

  • Business opinion divided: a quarter of small firms expect performance to be much worse over the next quarter however one in ten expect it to improve significantly
  • One in four small firms reduced headcounts over the last three months

Confidence in the Scottish small business community is coming back after a collapse in optimism recorded earlier this year, according to new research from the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB).

FSB’s Scottish small business confidence index jumped from -154.8 points in Q1, the lowest ever figure recorded, to -10.1 points in Q2. Over the same period, the UK-wide index increased by 138.4 points to -5.0 points.

This research suggests that there has been some recovery in business optimism across the UK, though confidence remains on average slightly lower in Scotland. However, expectations of future performance are increasingly polarised, with a quarter (25%) of the 195 Scottish business owners surveyed in June for the study expecting their performance to be “much worse” over the coming quarter, whereas one in ten (11%) expect the opposite.

FSB’s Scotland Policy Chair, Andrew McRae, said: “After a complete collapse in business confidence in the previous quarter, the fact that confidence is coming back is most welcome. Given that so many small businesses were closed up until very recently, this increased optimism is due in no small part to the coronavirus support rolled out at speed by the UK and Scottish Governments. 

“But let’s be clear: small businesses are by no means out of the woods. These figures tell a tale of two economies – the one that is getting back to business and the one with a much tougher journey back.  A division has opened up between those that have been able to access support or diversify their operations and those that have gone four months unable to trade or tap into help.”

According to the research, the share of small firms in Scotland that have reduced headcounts over the last three months is at an all-time high (23%), while the proportion of businesses creating jobs is at an all-time low (1.5%).

Andrew McRae added: “It’s great to see signs of recovery – but we can’t be complacent. While government figures don’t yet show a significant surge in unemployment, our statistics suggest that many firms are already making very difficult decisions.

“We need to stem this tide and that requires three things: a concerted push to boost consumer confidence and hence stimulate demand; support to give those looking for work the right skills; and some breathing space to keep small employers – and the jobs they sustain – in business. Any recovery we’re seeing is fragile as firms don’t have huge reserves and one shock could cause them real difficulties.”

The new research also shows a surge in small business finance applications – around one in three (30%) have applied for credit in the past three months, up 16 percentage points on the previous quarter (13%). And 89 per cent of these applications were successful, compared to a UK average of 81 per cent.

Andrew McRae said: “Without a doubt, the bounce back loan scheme has been successful in getting money to small firms when they needed it the most.  But the job is not done.  Small businesses will need continued access to affordable finance as they get back to business and trade our way back to growth.”



  • FSB surveyed FSB surveyed 1,486 small businesses for the Q2 2020 Small Business Index in June 2020, of which 195 were from Scotland. The SBI – a weighted index measuring confidence in future business performance – is conducted by independent research company Verve.
  • In the previous quarter, 29.7% of small businesses anticipated reducing their employment levels in the coming months. See:


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Stuart Mackinnon
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